Two Trauma Bibliographies

This page contains two bibliographies about trauma, separated into two reading lists, one easy and the other more detailed. However; I have not kept either listing current, so neither includes recent important books and articles.

Please note that the Trauma Pages Bookstore at this site recommends current books on trauma. The extensive trauma bibliography on the Bookstore page includes some books on this list (and many more recent ones) separately in sections that may be of interest to university students, professionals, survivors, and the public.

Easy Trauma Readings

The first, easy, reading list, has been useful in communicating my ideas about trauma responses to patients and lay audiences. It contains articles from Scientific American and other sources with similar reading levels.


Aggleton, J. (1993). The contributions of the amygdala to normal and abnormal emotional states. Trends in Neurosciences, 16(8), 328-333.

Alkon, D. (1989). Memory storage and neural systems. Scientific American, 261(1), 42-50.

Fanselow, M. (1993). Associations and memories: the role of NMDA receptors and long-term potentiation. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2(5), 152-156.

Jacobs, B. (1994). Serotonin, motor activity and depression-related disorders. American Scientist, 82, 456-463.

Kalin, N. (1993). The neurobiology of fear. Scientific American, 268(5), 94-101.

LeDoux, J. (1994). Emotion, memory and the brain. Scientific American, 270(6), 50-57.

McEwen, B. (1994a). The plasticity of the hippocampus is the reason for its vulnerability. Seminars in the Neurosciences, 6, 239-246.

McEwen, B., & Schmeck, H. (1994b). The hostage brain. New York: Rockefeller University Press.

Meaney, M., Tannenbaum, B., Francis, D., Bhatnager, S., Shanks, N., Viau, V., O'Donnell, D., & Plotsky, P. (1994). Early environmental programming hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal responses to stress. Seminars in the Neurosciences, 6, 247-259.

Mishkin, M., & Appenzeller, T. (1987). The anatomy of memory. Scientific American, 257(6), 80-89.

Petri, H., & Mishkin, M. (1994). Behaviorism, cognitivism and the neuropsychology of memory. American Scientist, 82, 30-37.

Sapolsky, R. (1994). Individual differences and the stress response. Seminars in the Neurosciences, 6, 261-269.

Sapolsky, R. M. (1994). Why Zebras don't get ulcers. New York: Freeman.

Terr, L. (1994). Unchained memories. New York: Basic Books.

Winson, J. (1990). The meaning of dreams. Scientific American, 263(5), 86-96.

Detailed Trauma Readings

The more detailed trauma readings below have been useful in forming my ideas about the nature of traumatic-stress, and the evolutionary (survival) forces that shaped our responses to it. These professional books and journal articles still provide a core background for understanding this field.

Again, the Trauma Pages Bookstore at this site recommends current books on trauma. Readings there are divided into separate sections that may be of interest to professionals, university students, survivors, and the public. Also, the Articles Page at this site has full-text articles that may be of interest to graduate students and other professional readers.


Antelman, S., Kocan, D., Knopf, S., Edwards, D., & Caggiula, A. (1992). One brief exposure to a psychological stressor induces long-lasting, time-dependent sensitization of both the cateleptic and neurochemical responses to haloperidol. Life Sciences, 51, 261-266.

Barkow, J., Cosmedes, L., & Tooby, J. (1992). The adapted mind: evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture. New York: Oxford University Press.

Baum, A., Cohen, L., & Hall, M. (1993). Control and intrusive memories as possible determinants of chronic stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 55, 274-286.

Breslau, N., Davis, G., Andreski, P., & Peterson, E. (1991). Traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder in an urban population of young adults. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 216-222.

Briere, J. (1992). Methodological issues in the study of sexual abuse effects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(2), 196-203.

Cahill, L., Prins, B., Weber, M., & McGaugh, J. (1994). B-adrenergic activation and memory for emotional events. Nature, 371, 702-704.

Charney, D., Deutch, A., Krystal, J., Southwick, S., & Davis, M. (1993). Psychobiologic mechanisms of posttraumatic stress disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 294-305.

Chemtob, C., Roitblat, H., Hamada, R., Carlson, J., & Twentyman, C. (1988). A cognitive action theory of post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2, 253-275.

Chrousos, G., & Gold, P. (1992). The concepts of stress and stress system disorders: overview of physical and behavioral homeostasis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 267(9), 1244-1252.

Cosmedes, L. (1989). The logic of social exchange: has natural selection shaped how humans reason? Studies with the Wason selection task. Cognition, 31, 187-276.

Creamer, M., Burgess, P., & Pattison, P. (1992). Reaction to trauma: a cognitive processing model. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101(3), 452-459.

Damasio, A. (1994). Descartes' error: emotion, reason, and the human brain. New York: Grosset/Putnam.

DeBellis, M., & Putnam, F. (1994). The psychobiology of childhood maltreatment. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 3(4), 663-678.

Dunn, A., & Berridge, C. (1990). Physiological and behavioral responses to corticotropin-releasing factor administration: is CRF a mediator of anxiety or stress responses? Brain Research Reviews, 15, 71-100.

Everly, G., & Lating, J. (1995). Psychotraumatology: key papers and core concepts in post-traumatic stress. New York: Plenum Press.

Figley, C. (1995). Compassion fatigue: secondary traumatic stress disorder from helping the traumatized. Brunner/Mazel.

Finkelhor, D., & Browne, A. (1985). The traumatic impact of child sexual abuse: a conceptualization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 55(4), 530-541.

Foa, E., Zinbarg, R., & Olasov Rothbaum, B. (1992). Uncontrollability and unpredictability in post-traumatic stress disorder: an animal model. Psychological Bulletin, 112(2), 218-238.

Foa, E., Riggs, D., & Gershuny, B. (1995). Arousal, numbing, and intrusion: symptom structure of PTSD following assault. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(1), 116-120.

Freyd, J. (1994). Betrayal-trauma: traumatic amnesia as an adaptive response to childhood abuse. Ethics & Behavior, 4(4), 1-30.

Herman, J. (1992). Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Books.

Jacobs, J., & Nadel, L. (1985). Stress-induced recovery of fears and phobias. Psychological Review, 92(4), 512-531.

Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992). Shattered Assumptions: towards a new psychology of trauma. New York: Free Press.

Jones, J., & Barlow, D. (1990). The etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 10, 299-328.

Kagan, J., Reznick, J., & Snidman, N. (1988). Biological bases of childhood shyness. Science, 240, 167-171.

Kolb, L. (1987). A neuropsychological hypothesis explaining posttraumatic stress disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144(8), 989-995.

Lang, P., Bradley, M., Cuthbert, B., & Patrick, C. (1993). Emotion and psychopathology: a startle probe analysis. Progress in Experimental Personality & Psychopathology Research, 16, 163-199.

LeDoux, J. (1990). Information flow from sensation to emotion: plasticity in the neural computation of stimulus value. In M. Gabriel & J. Moore (Eds.), Learning and computational neuroscience: foundations of adaptive networks. (pp. 3-51). Cambridge,MA: MIT Press.

Loftus, E. (1993). The reality of repressed memories. American Psychologist, 48(5), 518-537.

Lovejoy, O. (1981). The origin of man. Science, 211, 341-350.

McFarlane, A. (1994). Individual psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 17(2), 393-408.

McMahon, C. (1975). The wind of the cannon ball: an informative anecdote from medical history. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 26, 125-131.

Mineka, S., & Kihlstrom, J. (1978). Unpredictable and uncontrollable events: a new perspective on experimental neurosis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87(2), 256-271.

Mineka, S. (1992). Evolutionary memories, emotional processing, and the emotional disorders. In D. Medin (Ed.), The psychology of learning and memory. (pp. 161-206). New York: Academic Press.

Mitchell, J., & Everly, G. (1993). Critical incident stress debriefing: (CISD). Ellicott City, MD: Chevron Publishing.

Monroe, S., Kupfer, D., & Frank, E. (1992). Life stress and treatment course of recurrent depression: 1. Response during index episode. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(5), 718-724.

Norris, F., & Kaniasty, K. (1994). Psychological distress following criminal victimization in the general population: cross-sectional, longitudinal, and prospective analyses. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(1), 111-123.

Ohman, A. (1993). Fear and anxiety as emotional phenomena: clincal phenomenology, evolutionary perspectives, and information-processing mechanisms. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland (Eds.), Handbook of emotions. (pp. 511-536). New York: Guilford Press.

Pennebaker, J., Kiecolt-Glaser, J., & Glaser, R. (1988). Disclosure of traumas and immune function: health implications for psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(2), 239-245.

Reid, J. B. (1990). A role for prospective longitudinal investigations in the study of traumatic stress and disasters. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20(20), 1695-1703.

Sapolsky, R. (1992). Stress, the aging brain, and the mechanisms of neuron death. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Schnurr, P., Friedman, M., & Rosenberg, S. (1993). Premilitary MMPI scores as predictors of combat-related PTSD symptoms. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150(3), 479-483.

Shay, J. (1994). Achilles in Vietnam: combat trauma and the undoing of character. New York: Atheneum.

Sheets-Johnstone, M. (1990). The roots of thinking. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Sherry, D., & Schacter, D. (1987). The evolution of multiple memory systems. Psychological Review, 94(4), 439-454.

Solomon, S., Gerrity, E., & Muff, A. (1992). Efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: an empirical review. Journal of the American Medical Association, 268(5), 633-638.

True, W., Rice, J., Eisen, S., Heath, A., Goldberg, J., Lyons, M., & Nowak, J. (1993). A twin study of genetic and environmental contributions to liability for posttraumatic stress symptoms. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 257-264.

Tucker, D., & Derryberry, D. (1992). Motivated attention: anxiety and the frontal executive functions. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Behavioral Neurology, 5(4), 233-252.

Valent, P. (1995). Survival strategies: a framework for understanding secondary traumatic stress and coping in helpers. In C. Figley (Ed.), Compassion fatigue: secondary traumatic stress disorder from treating the traumatized. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

van der Kolk, B. (1994). The body keeps the score: memory and the evolving psychobiology of post traumatic stress. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 1(5), 253-265.

Wilson, J. (1993). International handbook of traumatic stress syndromes. New York: Plenum Press.

Yehuda, R., Resnick, H., Kahana, B., & Giller, E. (1993). Long-lasting hormonal alterations to extreme stress in humans: normative or maladaptive? Psychosomatic Medicine, 55, 287-297.

Zajonc, R. B. (1980). Feeling and thinking: preferences need no inferences. American Psychologist, 35(2), 151-175.